What composting is
Composting is nature’s process of recycling decomposed organic materials(fruit waste, vegetables, leaves, sprigs) into a rich soil known as compost basically, composting is an acceleration of the same process nature uses. By composting your organic waste you can quickly create humus, which is precious for plants to grow.. Micro-organisms that are involved in the reduction of the organic matter are naturally present in soil and in wastes as well, and transform the organic matter in a fertile soil for the vegetable garden.
- Converting some wastes into resources
- Limiting the filling of Landfills
- Guarantee soil fertility
Where to make compost
Green areas pertaining to housing:
a) Densely populated areas: the Composter must be put in a covered zone in order to prevent diffusion of bad smells.
b) Rural zone and out of residential center: put Composter in a safe place in shelter from bad weather, avoiding any disturbance to neighbourhood.
What do compost
Garden maintenance remains: leaves, withered flowers,very small branches (if they are bigger It’s better to break them into very small pieces).
Domestic organic waste: eggshells, coffe or tea filters , peelings and cores, fireplace’s ashes (small amounts), and any other organic material that you have to eliminate. Be careful not to insert too many waste of animal origin (they can be conferred with dry fraction), limiting the presence of meat and fish, and/or alternating them with vegetables waste, avoiding process of putrefaction. Be careful to place composter in the right place. For example the best place is under a three( shady and dry place)
What do not compost
Few elements of organic origin: soot, air and vacuum cleaner filters ( they could have polluted dusts); remember not to exceed with meat and fish wastes.
Don’t insert non-organic materials that will make maintenance slower and harder : glass, metals and plastic ( don’t put in bottles, canned goods, sacks) and dangerous wastes. Advice!: batteries and medicines “poison” the compost.
Be careful! Don’t insert little and big bones, which will be conferred with the dry fraction.
what you have to do during the composting process
Check if there is the right airflow and the right humidity rate any time. If material is too dry can be dumped with more wet wastes or with water as well.
If It’s too wet put in dry materials (leaves and so on..)
Shake it a bit if there’s insufficient airflow. and if you want to make transformation more efficient put in a bit of mature compost and it will work as “starter”.
Advice, if there are:
- Midges: It’s normal, they don’t create obstacles for the composting process; in order to limit them you can be covered wet waste with mature compost, or with soil or dry grass;
- Earthworms: : It’s normal, It means the composting process is going well; Earthworms are good to convert remains in Humus;
- Mosquitos: They indicate whether there are or there were some water stagnation ( they live in those conditions);
- Mice: It means there were too many cooked foods of protein origin(ex. meat);
- Snails: Their eggs can be a problem, because they can damage the vegetables in the garden and the backyard. You have to eliminate the eggs(that have spherical shape and light color) before using the compost;